Artillery

Organization

For the first time the field artillery was organized as an independent service with a staff of 19 and 4 companies of 111 men. The field park consisted of 58 guns (58 pieces - 12-pds, 10-pds and 3-pds.). Each infantry battalion was served by 2 three-pounders.

To serve these artillery pieces the following manpower was assigned:
12 pd gun or 50 pd. Mortar - 2 gunners (konstabler) and 4 crewmen (håndlangere).
6 pd. gun or 25 pd. Mortar - 2 gunners and 2 crewmen.
3 pd. Gun - 1 gunner and 2 crewmen. To move the gun 3 horses.

The field artillery was reorganized 14.3.1676 in this way:
A staff with 19 personnel.
Two Company of 1 captain, 2 lieutenants, 4 sergeants (stykjunkere), 18 gunners (konstabler) og 18 crewmen (håndlangere).
One Company of 1 captain, 2 lieutenants, 12 pyrotechnics, 4 gunners (konstabler) og 9 crewmen (håndlangere).
One Company of 1 captain, 2 lieutenants, 1 sergeant (stykjunker), 1 wheel maker (hjulmager) with 4 apprentices, 2 cooper (bødkere), 1 skæfter, 1 farrier (beslagsmed) with 4 apprentices, 1 blacksmith (grovsmed) with 4 apprentices, 1 gunsmith (bøssemager), 1 swordsmith (sværdfeger), 1 saddle maker (sadelmager) with 3 apprentices and 1 rope maker (rebslager) with 1 apprentice. During the war these numbers increased.

At the same time as grenadiers were introduced also pioneers became part of the infantry companies. This arrangement stopped in the Spring of 1677, when the pioneers were instead amalgamated into a special pioneer company composed of pioneers and grenadiers. At the same time a special company of pioneers was formed with the artillery.

The guns and ammunition wagons and carts were painted red with yellow fittings.

 

Uniforms

The situation with artillery uniforms is confusing. The archives indicate the following:

1675 - April-May 1676:
Green coat with yellow facings and lining. Buttons possibly pewter. The number of buttons is unknown but possibly 4½-dozen for gunners and 3-dozen for crewmen. Since the artillery was considered a "Royal regiment", the artillery uniform probably included a C5 and crown or just a crown in yellow on the left, upper sleeve.
Drivers: red coat with blue facings. Pewter buttons, 3-dozen. Unknown if they wore the arm badge. The men were taken from the 2. jyske udskrivning which is why they received the clothing of the conscripted men from Southern Jutland.

May-June 1676 - Autumn 1678:
Artillerymen, gunners and crewmen together with drivers: gray coat with red lining and facings. Red collar is mentioned for drivers. Buttons pewter. Arm badge as earlier, also for the drivers. The artisans possibly had the same colours.

Autumn 1678 - to the end of the war.
Artillerymen, gunners and crewmen with the field artillery: green coat with yellow lining and facings. Possibly still arm badges, but uncertain. Brass buttons. Artillerymen in the fortresses possibly all gray coat faced green with pewter buttons.
Drivers: unknown, possibly gray faced green?

The Möinichen paintings, however, show artillery crews dressed in blue coats faced blue, some in gray coats. Stockings appear to be white or gray. Hats generally black, but in one painting hats appear to be light gray or white. Generally, in these paintings the artillery crews are in the background and specific detail is lacking.

 

Views of Danish Artillery in the Möinichen Paintings

Table of Contents
Infantry
Cavalry and Dragoons

Back to DANISH UNIFORMS, COLOURS AND STANDARDS 1675-1679










www.000webhost.com